Category: Feature


Now that the learned members of the society have talked and cancelled one another on the legality of whether or not the National Assembly has the powers to legislate on the INEC calendar for the 2019 general elections is cooling down.

Having internalised all the arguments for and against the amendment saga. It would safe to look at the social, cultural, economic and political desirability of the actions of the senate in the interest of promoting vibrant and enduring democratic culture for the country.

The constitution in giving INEC the powers to conduct, organise and supervise elections in to the offices of the President, Vice President, Governors, National and Houses of Assemblies members freely, also required it to do so in the best possible manner that would promote good Governance.

The matter under discussion, originated from the House of representatives, on some observed issues of national concerns, that requires some changes in order to move our nascent democratic processes forward.

The lower House adopted a motion to the tinker the election dates, then passed it to the Senate as required by law. Any matter that originate from lower house the two houses by law are required to set up a joint committee to harmonise their positions.

The senate adopted the report of the joint committee and passed the bill, which the President declined his accent.

INEC in carrying these responsibilities for the Nigerian people said, it will do so guided by the following principles;
1. INEC shall carry out all its functions independently, free from external control and influence;
2. INEC shall display openness and transparency in all its activities and in its relationship with all stakeholders;
3. INEC shall maintain truthfulness and honesty in all its dealings at all times;
4. INEC shall ensure that no action or activity is taken in support of any candidate or political party;
5. INEC shall ensure the creation of a level playing field for all political actors;
6. INEC shall be committed to providing quality electoral services efficiently and effectively, guided by best international practice and standards;
7. INEC shall ensure fairness and justice in dealing with all stakeholders;
8, INEC shall be committed to the promotion of merit and professionalism as the basis for all its actions;
9. INEC shall create a conducive environment that promote teamwork among its staff at all levels.

I do not doubt the ability of INEC or the integrity of the Chairman of the commission, no any of its commissioners to be fair to all, but what worries here is that members of the commission were appointees recommended by the executive and people tend to perceive them as such. By these it also give the impression that on some issues they will tend to be on the side power, especially on matters where their impartiality is put to test.

INEC on all issues is expected to act within the privileges guaranteed to it by the constitution and up hold the principles it set for itself to deal with all matters autonomously, transparently, credibly, impartially, with dedication, equity, integrity and the excellence it promised the Nigerian people.

To begin with INEC before joining issues with the national assembly ought have consulted with the senate on the import of their decision to tinker with the calendar of the elections. This would have save us the media frenzy and over heating of the polity.

From this point on I was amazed how the whole matter was reduced to the interpretation of the constitution on whether or not the National Assembly has the power to make laws to amend certain activities of INEC, that the Assembly found will promote good governance and enduring democracy for the country.

The import for which the assembly deemed there was the need to tinker with dates of the 2019 elections was lost amidst the controversy generated on the appropriateness of the senate to legislate on matters affecting INEC.

The legal luminaries as usual have had their days arguing citing laws for and against, the courts have made their judgements, even though the matter I believe is not all over yet.

The national assembly exist because it is a living concern it can feel, touch, smell and respond to any stimulus in the environment.

If the intentions of the crafters of the Nigerian constitution was to ensure the separation of powers and to prevent the concentration of unchecked power and to provide for checks and balances to avoid autocracy, inefficiencies and promote good governance then it does not need further probing to understand why the National Assembly attempted to legislate and tinker with the calendar for the conduct of the 2019 elections.

Its a fact that over the years in all the previous elections we have conducted the Presidential election comes first and no one has questioned why in the past.
For two house now to consider reversing the arrangements they must have perceived that something is fundamentally wrong and it is their duty as law makers to come up with laws that can correct the lapses to ensure good governance.

With benefit of hindsight the assemblies must have observed once the Presidential election comes earlier it affects the quality of the out come of preceding elections as it becomes fait accomplice, the band wagon effect weighs so much on the outcome of results that follows the Presidential election.

This now bring us to the qualities of the representations we have in the assemblies. You and me will agree in light of several developments that had taken place some of the Senators and Members we have in our national assemblies are not fit to be their but for the bandwagon effect.

A cursory look at the states assemblies also goes on to show how this has badly affected the quality of representation at the State Houses of Assemblies because the Gubernatorial elections comes earlier then that of members of the state houses of assemblies. If this is aloud to continue then something must be wrong with us as a people.

It will be seen as a tapestry to democracy.
That is why today we see all sorts of despotic and autocratic leadership emerging in the states. The state assemblies no longer check the excesses of the

Governors because of the enormous powers they possesses.
The same principles also occurs in election to the local government councils.

The quality of the elected officials in the local government councils to borrow from the Hausa proverb are nothing but “Yan amshin Shata”. Elections into local government councils are nothing but allocations.

In fact to say that we are practising democracy at the local council level is laughable and crazy.

I believe these are some of the issues the national assembly wanted correct by legislating on the INEC election calendar.

I am therefore amazed with the way we think in this country.
The APC as a party which is flying the kite of integrity, reform, rule of law and social justice, failed to grasp the meaning of the lofty ideals in the move by the national assembly of which they are both in control to refine our nascent democracy for the good of the country. As a reformer such opportunities does come only once.

INEC also with cover given to by the constitution have consistently decided to look the other way by allowing things to continue the way they were, might be for fear of being branded as impartial or whatever.

The change agents all took the simplistic path of blaming their predecessors for not correcting the problem, it should therefore continue “business as usual”

This is the puzzle for me, many voted President Buhari because they feel he is above board and would make any positive changes that will improve the way are governed. Unfortunately whether the President was wrongly advised he decided to kill what would have solve one of the major albatross of our electoral process.

The national assembly also chicken out by failing to invoke the constitutional provision that gave it power to over ride the President?

What is wrong with power, does it really intoxicates as they say or are really putting our personal interest first before that of the country?

When shall we as people begin to look at our issues within prism of how to make this country work better? When are we going to stop personalising issues to serve our selfish individual or group interest?

When shall we put the country first before any other considerations?

What a lost opportunity.

What a shame!



The tragedy about this Nation is we do not learn from history and any society that does not learn from its history may not get its acts right.

It will only be repeating the same mistakes over and over again.
On this medium some few weeks ago when the Fulani – Settler conflict was raging on, I advised that for us to understand the complexities of the conflict we need to go back in to history.

The roles played by our fore fathers, colonial administration, and successive governments to tackled or at least contained the conflict for decades will give us an in sight how to deal with the delicate situations.

In my earlier piece I used historical analogy, to bring out how successive authorities dealt with the problems.

I also used my experiences while growing up in a village very close to the plains of the River Gongola. An important resource that nature bestowed on us to share between the settlers and pastoralists. And how the natural resource was managed by our grand parents for the good of all the communities.

In that piece I argued that the layers of administrative structure put in place enabled the community to monitor and police its environment.

I also shared some of the advise given by the colonial administration how they tackled the conflict which I repeat here because of its relevance to this day.

The former Nigerian Governor General, Sir Fredrick Lord Lugard, captured in his memo who is the Fulani Man? He gave his portrait of a Fulani Man.
As a people he said,

“They are ascetic, kind and generous, BUT Never fight a war (hot or cold) with the Fulani because they have:-
1. No rules of engagement (they just hit again and again)
2. No POW’s (they don’t take prisoners)
3. No mercy (once they pick you out as the enemy)
4. No fighting fatigue (they are forever fit and prepared, due to their lifestyle)
5. No need for adequate provisions and permanent abode (they live on very little and sleep in the wilderness)
6. No end to hostilities (they fight to finish)
7. No ignorance of terrain and location ( their lifestyle makes everyone of them a human GPS )
8. No deterrence due to casualties (they are strategically distributed all over West and Central Africa, and highly mobile)
9. No need for tranquillity (they have no permanent settlements which need peace to thrive).”
10. No fear of consequences.

These positions echoed what our grand parents told us when we were growing, never engage in a fight with a Fulani Man, they never forgive disputes even on social matters between families. It is often transmitted through generations to ensure that they take revenge no matter how long it takes.

But here we are in the 21st century with all the technological advantage on our side messing up unable draw from the abundant resources we have in government vaults and research institutions around the country on matter.

Rather we resorted to blaming each other and capitalising on what divide us as a people to fan the amber of the discourse.

This fight will never be won until we put our acts right.

The blame game, the exploitation of our divide us a people will only widen the scope of the conflict without necessarily tackling the real problems.

It has become the norm each time something defies immediate solution, religion, subterranean and political considerations are blamed for the source of the disturbance.

Now that the Fulani Herdsmen no longer carry the stick on their shoulders and radio around their neck but AK 47. we need to rethink.

Borrowing from the advise by the former Governor General that, the Fulani men are human GPS because they know the terrain, they have no need for tranquillity because they are not settled, they do not accept prisoners of war, they have no mercy once they pick you out as the enemy, they have no fighting fatigue, they are forever fit and prepared, due to their lifestyle.

With these the society will never know no peace again, until we begin to truthfully talk to ourselves and engage widely and bring all stakeholders together and holistically deal with the situation.

Lives and properties will continue to be lost and destroyed.

Stop gap measures and in sincere solutions through parliamentary declarations will remain wishful thinking as some of the stake holders involved in conflict are highly itinerants and do not understand laws being created by the settlers to illicit compliance. The only law they respect is where to find pastures and water their animals.

The only way out of this is dialogue and respecting the rights of all the stakeholders.

May God give us the wisdom to learn from our past.


I recall how the military systematically destroyed the Students Union and the Academic Staff Union of the Nigerian Universities in late seventies after the famous “ALI MUST GO” saga, little did I know that this grand design would later be amplified and used by the democratically governments that followed.

The success of the industrial action organised by the Academic Staff Union of the Nigerian University threatened the attempts by the Military dictatorship to impose and perpetuate itself in governance.

The boycotts did not go down well with the Military Junta.
The military adopted various strategies to deal with the associations that emerged during the struggle for political independence.

In his book “Student Power in Nigeria (1956-1980).” Comrade Ebenezer Babatope gave an authentic public account of “Ali must go” saga, which is not the intention of this article to dwelt on.

The Nigerian Labour Union also suffered similar treatment under junta. It was proscribed at least on two occasions all in the guise to whittle down the powers of the unions and render them prostate.

The ability of the trade unions to call for mass industrial action has been checkmated by various court rulings, decrees and legislations that has reduced their capacities to nothing but toothless bulldogs.

The politicians haven realised the enormous power of the labour unions to garner popular support and engineer civil dis obedience , ensured that the unions are check mated and controlled.

The Civilian Governors have in there various states ensured entry in to the top echelon of the major unions are manned by their cronies.

This was easily facilitated by the fact that most of the union leaders that vied for elective offices in the labour unions are drawn from the pool of officers from the state civil service.

This opportunity became so convenient for the state governors to manipulate the process by ensuring only their candidates win elections in to the union executive offices.

They do so by hand picking, sponsoring, funding and planting their cronies and made sure they win the guided elections with the help of other cohesive agencies of the state who are ready to intimidate, cajole and ensure compliance with their sponsors wish.

That is why today State governments are owing workers months of salary, pensions and allowance arrears un challenged.

The Union leaders have abdicated their responsibilities to the workers because they no longer decide their fates as leaders.

Their loyalty has shifted to the state, as the state now decides their tenure for as long as they remain in check.

While the governors are continuously subverting and whittling down the capacities of the labour associations, they are on the hand strengthening their association under the Governors Forum knowing fully well the enormous advantages of operating under a united umbrella.

They do so through tripartite arrangements of Nigerian Governors Forum, the Sub – Regional Governors Forum and the Political Parties Governors Forum, so that you can not escape their fangs.

If one takes a closer look at our nascent democracy and the challenges we are facing one could easily blame it squarely on the gangsterism attitude of the governors facilitated by omnipresent structures of the Governors forum.

Today no body can win any election in to any office in Nigeria without contemplating the enormous powers wielded by the forum.

They decide who becomes the Presidential Candidates for their party, who emerges to be the candidates for the Senate and House representatives, who takes over from them as the governors of the States.

They anoint members of the state houses of assembly and appoint chairmen and councillors of the local governments un impeded.

The party machineries at the national, state and local levels are not shielded from the octopus cluster of Mafioso forum.

The Nigerian President may be seen to be “Executive” and have absolute power, but real power of the state lies with the governors.

Their immunity from prosecution until they leave office breeds all sorts of impediments to the rule of law and good governance.

This gangsterism did stop at the states but it is also being wholly imported in to hallow red chambers of the national assembly. Very soon the total membership of the red chamber would be taken over ex governors and that would complete the full “gangsterisation of the Nigerian political system”

Sadly, enough the process of amending the Nigeria constitution is also in favour of the State Governors as the states houses of assembly must endorse any changes to the constitution and with the way the states assemblies are being controlled nothing progressive would come out of them.

This being the case the national assembly can not do anything under the current arrangements provided by the constitution to remedy the conundrum.

The crafters of the Nigerian Constitution did not envisage this quagmire. They were rather interested in ensuring that there were checks and balances in the system.

They also did not envisage that any particular group will exploit the lacuna in the constitution for their benefits.

The clause giving the governors protection from unnecessary litigations, were meant to ensure free flow in governance but it has become one the albatross of the 1979 constitution as amended.

In view of the foregoing how far can we go from here? Your guess is as good as mine.

What are our options, how can we get out of this quagmire and save our nascent democracy from the gangsters?


I recall the day when leisurely worked in to the lecture theatre during my Master programme in the University, on the board there was a writing I did not pay much attention.

I took my seat and noticed my mates were gossiping to one another, when I looked up to the board again, I saw this

It was then I figured out why my colleques were murmuring.
My initial reaction was why would the Professor ask such a question.
But since it was a senior class anything could be anticipated.
Soon the lecturer appeared and decided that we should brain storm on what was written on the board.

The class came up with several prepositions, which the lecturer reluctantly accepted.
But since the Professor, had his own answers to the question, he shared it with the class. It was very simplistic but to some extent more plausible than what we suggested.

I went home that day still reminiscing why should the lecturer ask this question, more so when I was not convinced with answers he gave.

The Professor argued that in a country where one would be appointed by Radio and Television announcement and suddenly dismissed by the same medium is not good for the country.
It erodes confidence in governance and breeds criminality.

The Professor elucidated further by saying that each time when these appointments were made, the appointees in most cases were not contacted, and no reason was also given for their removals.

He further agued that by the time the appointees, finished working on their blue print, ready to start work, suddenly, when they reach home in the evening after close of the office, there was an announcement on the Television that he or she has been removed from the office.

The next day another rascal would be appointed in the same manner. He descends on his predecessors savings and embezzle the whole funds.

Consequently, the money did not benefit the society, and it did not benefit the original person who wanted to use the funds for the good of the society.
The Professor, then asked why should one be honest in such a society?

Many of us left the class unconvinced with the Professor’s answer.

Twenty seven years (27) since I walked out of that lecture theatre my mind kept popping up the same question, each time I reflected on how I could make my society better.

But my passion, patriotism, pride and nationalistic fervour be clouded my thinking and I never contemplated any answer beyond what the Professor offered.

Some of my mates who were perhaps more wiser or got the gist and headed to the advice took care of themselves while it lasted.

But those that choose to be honest and played the game by rules and regulations are now walloping in misery and abject poverty perhaps now lamenting how could the Country they served diligently would now desert them in their hour of needs.

It is 37 years since l left that class, now with the benefit of hindsight, I can truly answer my lecturer correctly.

Having spent 35 years of meritorious in the service of my dear country. I now realised the Professor was philosophical in both the question and answers he gave.

Some of the salient issues the Professor did not tell us were, how could one be honest in a country?

1. Where the government does not pay its employees a living wage;

2. Where wages and pensions are unequal among its employees;

3. Where the government does not respect it senior citizens;

4. Where the pension of its former employees are not paid as at when due and when they are paid, the stipends does not support live in retirement;

5. Where hard work, honesty and diligence does not attract reward but misery;

6. Where corrupt public officials are hero worshiped and respected
7. Where National merit awards are given to the bad and the ugly because they can purchase it;

8. Where good name is only given to the opulent, who continue to live on government resources even when they are no longer in service;

9. Where the rule of law is not respected and applied selectively;

10. Where bad governance is prevalent in all strata of governments;

11. Where nepotism is the whole mark for recruitment in to public offices;

12. Where recruitments in to the political class are based on cronyism;

13. Where the security of lives and properties are not guaranteed.

14. Where all basic infrastructures that makes lives meaningful are failing or have failed.

15. Where chocking hyper inflation in the cost of living keep rising by the day,

16. Where lack of good roads, decay in the educational and health care has reached a pitiful level.

17. Where hyper increase in the cost of electricity, school fees, petrol and food stuff continue to increase un abated;

18. Where in security, wanton destruction of lives and properties are increasing by the day, with greater sophistication and tenor.

The irony of all these, this is a country blessed with enormous resources by nature but has allowed some few privileged members of the society to corner its resources through corrupt practices, there by living the larger society in penury, abject poverty and hopelessness.

The question to ask now therefore is not, “ it is criminal to be honest in a corrupt society” as the Professor asked 27 years ago, but rather it should be, “it is criminal not to be criminal in an un just society”?

What are your take on this, may be we would possibly find answers to the anomie of the circle of injustice arresting our development as a nation.



Free press, freedom of expression, the right to form associations, hold opinions and freely express them are some of the fundamental basic rights  guaranteed under the United Nation Charter on human rights. Which was adopted by the Nigeria constitution. 

It is also the bedrock upon which liberal democracy derived its power.  

According to Lipset, for liberal democracy to thrive and flourish in a given society there must be the prevalence  of the following; 

1,  High level of literacy in that society,

2. Absence of hunger and  mass poverty,

3. Rule of law,

4. Good governance 

5. Actors in the political arena must play politics by the rule of game;

Where these rights are absent or deliberately curtailed,  trampled or denied liberal democracy may not flourish and thrive in such a  society.

If the State through its apparatus operate in gestapo style to stifle or deny its citizen these fundamental basic rights the government in power may be tilting toward dictatorship and anarchy. 

Gradually, the Nigerian State is moving towards  these tendencies. The Government zero tolerance to constructive criticism on issues relating to governance is becoming so alarming and disturbing. 

If some faceless agents of the state, interpret issues not based on the rule of law and good governance, but defines issues on the basis of  “them versus Us”.  When relationships are reduced to those  with us are “good” and deserve the protection of the State. while those who hold contrary views are our enemies, they must be cajoled to submission ,  labelled and punished. 

If citizens blindly follow their leaders even when they were wrong on issues and are ready to defend them for their selfish, religious, political, and subterranean reasons that society can not progress. 

 I have no choice but agree with Professor Soyinka, when he referred to some segment of our society as the “Mumu’s” of  the internet. 

He posited that the opportunities provided  by the social media for society to participate in governance has given rise to “new group of journalist” who  write all sorts of junks  regardless of its consequences on the society.

These group would write salacious articles defame, libel and  attack any counter views with vigour and intensity in defence of their perceived leaders, even when their rights as citizens are continuously being eroded and denied.

Worst still they often do so without understanding  the import of the discourse  they are commenting on or fighting for. 

In a presidential debate between Mr. Nelson Mandela and Fredrick W. Clark  of South Africa. Mr Mandela said “the essence of government is to provide security, housing, reduce mass poverty, provide infrastructure and good governance” not just defending the few who already are at upper level strata of the  society.  

Amazingly, when  government which is suppose to improve the lives of its citizens becomes enmeshed in dubious  blame game, that government has nothing to offer to its citizens. 

Especially, when the strategy of the blame game theory was  designed to collectively hoodwink our collective psyche, to internalise that everything that is  bad in the system is  the fault of their predecessors, whom they accuse of plundering  our common wealth, through corrupt practices. 

 It is an ordinarily accepted norm for the  government  of the day to pass on its failures   to turn the table round on its predecessors, when the government realise it lacks the capacity, vision and carefully tailored programmes to convince the population there would be light at the end of tunnel. 

The best option to adopts is the blame game theory.

 These failures funnels the society to became restive and turn against its leaders no matter how much they love the  actor (s) in the game.  

if the “good work” of the government does not translate in to providing the basic human needs of the society, despondency, rebellion and agitations for change becomes more pronounced.

Corruption is bad and it must be condemn in  all aspects. It also true it stifles development, but the world has also seen some corrupt nations that have turned the table round through visionary leadership, commitment, patriotism and pride. 

They did so by creating hope, exemplary leadership, transparency, accountability and trust. 

It did so by changing the way its national budget is being crafted,  by showing respect for human rights, institutionalization of due diligence and due process, selfless leadership, respect for the rule of law and good governance. It demonstrated clearly where they were and where they want to be, not business as usual. 

They try to build trust  and openness and empathy so that the citizenry will identify with its programmes.

But not in the manner the corruption crusade is being carried out in our country. Which is selective and most cases it ends on the pages of news papers, without corresponding  sanctions being applied on the corrupt.

The corrupt freely roam the streets, give lectures, represent us at international events, enjoying  their loots, complicating our issues,  hero worshipped by the gullible members of public, who lack the basic necessities of life. 

 Another major worry is the way corruption is being narrowly defined and portrayed to mean only the thievery committed by public officers to corner public fund for their personal gains.

In defining corruption Stephen D. Morris, a professor of politics, writes that “political corruption is the illegitimate use of public power to benefit a private interest.” 

Economist Ian Senior, defines corruption as an action to secretly provide a good or a service to a third party so that he or she can influence certain actions which benefit the corrupt, a third party, or both in which the corrupt agent has authority.” 

Daniel Kaufmann, from the World Bank, extends the concept to include ‘legal corruption’ in which power is abused within the confines of the law, as those with power often have the ability to make laws for their protection. 

The effect of corruption in infrastructure is to increase costs and construction time, lower the quality and decrease the benefit.”

Corruption can occur on different scales. Corruption ranges from small favours between a small number of people petty corruption, to corruption that affects the government on a large scale, grand corruption, and corruption that is so prevalent that it is part of the everyday structure of society, including corruption as one of the symptoms of organized crime.

When we reduce corruption to only thievery of public funds or labelling or using the blame game, in order to deal with your perceived  political opponents,  by gaging  or stopping them from participating freely in the political discourse,  the crusade towards the elimination of corruption  or at least minimizing its occurrences will at best remain selective, and it would not yield the desired benefits. 

In other words  to identify some as corrupt, while others as innocent in spite of the fact that the thievery that made others corrupt is still going on unabated. By  protecting some corrupt officials because  they are part of the cabal, in spite of the public out cry against them, means  something is seriously wrong with our fight against corruption. 

While I was preparing to put this article together three fundamental un intended things happened which I want to share with you. 

Firstly,  a friend munched to me audio recording of BBC   Hausa service interview granted by the former Governor of Jigawa State Sule Lamido, who himself is on bail for alleged corrupt practices in which he succinctly interpreted the Nigeria situation.

 He said  “that the Government that is crying foul that the PDP is  corrupt,  is a creation of the corrupt people who left the PDP.” 

By implication he means it is the corrupt wealth of those who decamped from the PDP that facilitated the electoral victory of the APC, which means the government  too can not purge itself of corruption. click the link below to hear him

Secondly, some few weeks ago after my frustrations with the system I asked the followers of this platform to suggest to me a country that is corruption free so that I will immigrate. This thought was recently shared by Rev. Kukah when he was frustrated by certain happening in the country, that would form the subject of my next article. 

To date no single country has been suggested to me. While some people tried to suggest some less corrupt countries. But  they could not find an absolutely non corrupt society to recommend for me. 

They finally advised me not to be “Andrew.” By this it simply means no society is corruption free but rather corruption is measured based on its prevalence  in the society.  

I did so deliberately  because I knew there would be none but just to amplify how badly we are handling the fight against corruption.

So I decided to stay and keep talking might be one day some one would care to listen.

Thirdly, I wrote an article on this medium demanding that the former NSA Dasuki should be allowed to have his day in court so that the Nation would know exactly what happened. 

I also said he should not be denied his right to bail. I made this call after four  courts of competent jurisdiction granted him bail, but was  denied by the state to exercise his rights on the pretext he would jump  bail. I find this assumption laughable. 

While other tried to use the Boko Haram insurgency sentiment to justify their dislike for the article. 

Nigeria is a sovereign country with all the apparatus of the state that could be deployed  to protect the  lives and property of the citizens. 

If after 47 years of independence we could not put our acts together and tackle simple things like people jumping bail, then the least we could is not to wash our dirty linens in the public by showing in competence. 

To my amazement also most of the people who commented on my article played to the gallery, incentivised  by sentiments of the killing perpetuated Boko Haram. They refused to look deep down and understand the real import of my article.

 I also lost four of my first cousin during insurgency, but choose to show compassion because my religion preaches it . 

I also wanted to know the real   truth and inner working of the NSA Office and why is it that it must always  be a retired General to head that office. 

In America where we fashioned our democracy according to their models allows civilians to head such offices,  after all in democracy all institutions are expected to subject themselves to  Civilian control. 

So the Dasuki’s case provides us with the opportunity to know all these and the only place where we would know the truth is in the court. where he would be subjected to cross examination by lawyers. The cabals know the implication of allowing him to talk in open court.

 Dasuki did not create Boko Haram, he was merely a foolish pawn used by the power that created him, most of whom are now going around enjoying their spoils while he languishes in jail. 

We also have the school of thought that the government needed time to in order to correct the wrongs done by the previous administration. This could be true, but when the government presented its self to the Nigerian electorates seeking for their mandate, it did so on the grounds it has superior programmes to tackle our problems as a nation.

 It is almost three years down the line since it came to power, its actions has not built confidence in the Nigerian people to believe that there would be that change they promised.

The thievery of the public funds continued with ferocity, in security and wanton destruction of human  lives are on the rise, abduction and human trafficking unabated, abuse of court ruling, violation of human rights and extra judicial are still rampant.

Mal- administration, incompetence, bad governance, lack of visionary leadership and rule of law is still prevalent in all the strata of government at all levels. 

It would soon be another cycle of campaigns and grand lies, the electorates have right to raise their concerns. Allow me to use a Hausa proverb which says “an indication of a good Friday manifest itself from Thursday”

When a leader plunders the goodwill of his base by calling them as impatient, turning a deaf ear to their sources of discomfort, treats them with disdain, and  lack of human face, he is bound to witness some hues and cries and discontent from the society about the way he governs.

 This government came in to power through  popular support and in order to maintain its popular support it must change the way it governs. 

The human ability to withstand pressure is limited, its ability for blind support may be strong but it can quickly wane, once it perceive some threats that are likely to challenge their essence and make them unable to fulfil their basic needs.  

I therefore call on this government to rethink and change the way it is governing as its base is thinning and rapidly. “A stitch in time saves nine”.



Civil Service a Cesspool of Corruption?

Civil Service A Cesspool of Corruption? 

My parents sent me to school, I mean western education type school believing they were charting a better life for me. They believe life would be better and rightly so. They made sure I had the best  education. The education provided by the state during our time was better and comparable to any country of the world. It was one of the best legacies of the colonial admingistration. 

During my days in school, it was fun everything was paid for by the state. Our books, uniform and other basic supply were un ending, the teachers were like our parents, you don’t miss home that much while in school. It was really a family away from home. Unknown to me, I was also building relationships that would prove so dear to me later in life. The love, the candour, honesty and sincerity we shared as classmates was endless. We never knew the bond and love would last through out our adult lives. We cherished those moments and the nostalgia to date each time we meet .

As we moved from our elementary schools to the higher institutions the bond that existed between us kept waxing stronger life was full of the anticipations of the good things ahead. 

When we come home for holidays we are the darlings of our communities, the “Bature’s in the making “. The University life made us look like the white men who occupied the colonial offices we were being prepared to take over. 

Our mates who were not lucky to progress with us to higher institutions look at us with envy each time we were home . Though, they no longer look like us but the bond we developed while we were younger never faded away. Our new outlook mesmerised them, the clean left over school uniforms, the clean shaved head, the sport canvases given to us for physical education  are part of the paraphernalia that mesmerised our friends in the village. 

Soon came the time when we have to leave the walls of our Alma Mata, ready polished in ethics and etiquette to join the elite club of the public servants . 

The most amazing thoughts about leaving the University was the dreams and hopes of the good things out there we were about to start enjoying.

 The question of struggling how to find a job does not even come to mind.  The jobs were there for us,  just for the picking without sweat or struggle. 

 Months, in some cases a year before our graduation, some had already gotten several job offers from their regional, state governments or companies. Some even come our to institutions on graduation day to ferry us away to the good things of life our parents wished for us. Picking a job was  therefore a matter of choice depending on which one we liked or the one that suits our callings. 

It didnt take time for us to discover that life in the public service was going to be amazing, fascinating and interesting. It had all the good future our parents had wished for us. 

On assumption of duty you are spoilt with the goodies of life, a car and house and the promises of good future without lobbying for it. You instantly begin to feel the aura and the dignity and sense of responsibilities that goes with it. 
The hallmark of all these were service, respect, and dignity and professionalism. The mentoring by our senior colleagues were excellent,. Your ability and hard work you put in duties determines your successes and what you become. 

Materialism was never in our lexicon but rather ethics, practice and procedures determined how we operated. 

The ethos built into us were honesty, integrity, dignity, professionalism and respect of the public trust we have sworn to uphold. Sanctions and reward were applied across board. There were no them versus us. Merit and hard work were the rules of the game. Everyone knows his ranking in the system. This was how things worked out. Promotions were carried out when due, no jumping from one cadre to another. The hierarchy in leadership were never abused. 

The political class that took over from the colonialist were nationalistic in their outlook and conduct of the state affairs. 

The civil servants who were there at that time built a career on honesty and  hard work. They were not afraid to tell the truth, and never bent over backwards to succumbent rules and regulations to accommodate personal or sectional interests, service and public trust was the key. 

This was what the generation that came before us  met. They inherited Nigeria full of opportunities, the semi egalitarian state that our founding father tried to build and bestow to those coming behind them. 

Suddenly, the journey was trancated by the Military, the once near perfect civil service was destroyed. Indiscipline, nepotism, selfishness, greed and materialism took over. 

The confusion created by the intervention of the Military also affected our way of living. It introduced the unitary way of life of the military. The single command structure which was the rules of engagement of the military was wholesomely transferred to the civil service. The dictum of do first before complaint became the norm. 

Several years since the military went back to the barracks the once near perfect civil service never came back to its glorious days. 

The change also left behind the burden of how to deal with the fragmented society arising from the civil war that took the life of about one million Nigerians. 

 It also affected and severed the bond that was developing after  the independence struggle .  

The nationalistic fervour demonstrated by the founding fathers of the nation gave way to acrimony and despair, the once communal society degenerated into individualism, the once tolerant society succumbed to chaotic sectionalism and religious bigotry, nepotism, regionalism, greed and personal interests took over merit  and due process, consumptive life and materialism gave rise to corruption and mal – administration. 

Soon the writing on the wall became apparent, the good future our parents had hoped for us  started disintegrating, heading for the abyss.  The rules of the games started changing rapidly, the destruction started in earnest 

Nigeria became a laboratory where all kinds experiments were conducted. Every administration that came into power formulated some hypothesis on how to move the country forward. 

No sooner they begin to test the hypothesis anther government will take over. The fallacy about all these changes were that some of these hypothesis remain untested, those that  were about to be implemented were either left on shelves or discarded completely. The country remained a guinea pig where all sorts of reforms were tried, in the process we lost our forecast as a nation. 

Several reform were introduced by successive governments, from austerity measures, structural adjustments, power reform, pension reform, national health insurance reform just to mention a few. 

We also had our fair share of political programmes introduced by successive governments , the green revolution programme introduced by Shagari administration to move the country from over dependence on oil, operations feed the nation by Obasanjo, the structural adjustment program by Babangida, the seven point agenda by Yar’adua government, the change mantra and fight against corruption by the Buhari administration. 

In order not deviate from  this polemic since our concern is not to ex Ray successive governments in Nigeria but rather to try and understand why the once vibrant civil service was destroyed. 

To locate the causes of the problems we need to examine some historical events that took place in our political development viz-viz the distraction of the Civil Service. 

The first salvo was fired by the General Murtala Muhammad administration. When the government came into power with the zeal to sanitise the civil service. According to Ajayi, the former president of the Association of Nigerian Professional Bodies, when  he said  “the foundation for the destruction of Nigeria’s civil service began in 1975 during the military reign of late Murtala Mohammed.

He said during this period, the late Head of state commenced sacking civil servants through announcements on the radio and that this act drastically reduced the morale of the country’s civil servants.”

Ajayi, however said “though it was unintended because it was supposed to sanitise and strengthen the civil service, it ended up destroying the civil service because it was counter-productive as there was no longer security of tenure among civil servants.

But rather than strengthen the service, it created opportunities for serious job insecurity and corruption.

In this case, civil servants who no longer felt safe, had to resort to corrupt acts.

He said successive governments have since relegated the importance of the civil service and reduced it to just carrying out the orders of the President or the governors as the case may be. 

As a result, junior officers are sometimes imposed on their senior officers just to balance the political equation and this, according to him, only destroys the civil service

The former Head of Service of the Federation (HOSF), Alhaji Isa Bello Sali,  blamed the regime of former Military President, General Ibrahim Babangida (rtd), for laying the foundations of the rot that currently permeates the nation’s civil service.

Sali said the reforms carried out between 1985 and 1988 were largely responsible for the dearth of professionals and committed public officers in the public service.

The Head of Service made the allegations in a paper he delivered at the opening session of the 36th Annual Conference of the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators (ICSAN). 

He explained that the implementation of the Professor Dotun Philip’s report and subsequent promulgation of Decree 43 to give legal backing to the implementation of the recommendations of the report largely eroded the vitality, standard of performance and cohesion of the public service.

He said: “The subsequent reforms of 1985-88 which arose from the recommendations of the Dotun Philip report was given legal effect through Decree 43 of 1988. The legislation paved the way for all comers into the top echelon of the civil service.

The Governor of Cross River State, Senator Liyel Imoke, in the same vain also accused former military Head of State, General Ibrahim Babangida of “destroying” the Nigerian Civil Service.

He made these assertions recently while delivering a keynote address to mark the State’s Civil Service Day, held at the Cultural Centre Complex in Calabar, the state capital.

According to him, IBB’s implementation of his Structural Adjustment Programme, SAP, during his eight year rule destroyed the civil service built as far back as 1934.

The civil service remains the hope of the vast majority of Nigerians and it has direct impact on the success or failure of any administration. But in just eight years, the Structural adjustment programme instituted by the Babagida administration destroyed the values, dignity of civil service which have painstakingly been built since 1934″. 

Apart from the reasons given above, the untold real reason was that the Military, were  envious of the professionalism displayed by the Permanent Secretaries of those days. Many of which have resisted to take orders from them while they were in the Ministry of defence. So when they took over power their main goal was to deal with those super Permanent Secretary as they were then referred to. 

As a result of these the purging of officers in the Civil Service was not careful thought out and this resulted in eroding the moral and consequently the destruction of the Civil Service. 

In capturing the mood of what is going on in the civil service today,  the Chairman, Senate Committee on Federal Character and Inter-Governmental Affairs, Senator Dahiru Kuta, lamented that civil service jobs in the country are now meant for only those who can bribe their way through.  Jobs are now go to the highest bidder. 

He added that marginalization and ethnicity in the civil service have robbed the country of dedicated workers.

What is more worrisome of recent is that, jobs and promotion in the service are now meant for the highest bidders.

“Many workers now do not put in their best where they work because merit and professionalism have given way to cronyism and nepotism . 

Heads of MDAs give undue advantage to people from their ethnic origin or cronies to ensure that they continue  milking the system  long after they have left the service. 

Appointments to the top echelon of the service also follow similar considerations. 

The exam system popularised by the former Hos Oransanya is perhaps the second most damaging innovation introduced in the Civil Service. The process is riddled with manipulation, corruption and nothing about it is transparent no matter how much they want us to believe. 

The arranged exams produces only those who the cabals want to become Permanent Secretary or Leaders in the system .

 For instance how can you explain how someone who just become a Director in January and by February he is a Permanent Secretary. He comes back to the same Ministry after the “so called exam” and becomes a boss to his seniors who mentored him on job for several years. What sort of work environment are we creating? How can anything meaningful come out of this? That is why today we have the types of Maina the embattled chairman of the Pension Reform Task Team in the civil service. 

In considering these types of appointments in my view so many  factors ought have come into play not just “exam”. The civil service is a professional body governed by rules and regulations. One is  required to spend certain period of time on each post in order to equip him for a higher responsibilities . You need some experiences in order to do certain jobs. But just because some people want to succumbent the process and become big men we jestession reality for parochialism 

Oransanya who was  the architect of the exam policy, came from the private sector and got himself into civil service through the back door to become a permanent secretary and head of service within no time. 

To perpetuate this mischief he brought in phony consultants who were usually their cronies to set the exams, which they quickly mark and come with phony results that are vetted by committee headed by former Hos and Permanent Secretaries who were themselves beneficiaries of the scum to choose from among their candidates and pass the names of the so called successful candidates to the executive for approval. 

Governor Liyel Imoke reminisced the long forgotten ambitions of our parents when he said, “the ambition of most Nigerians in the past was to become a top civil servant as “such was a guarantee for a good standard of living then and it also afforded many to sponsor their children to schools, build houses, and buy cars.”

“Even the Youth Corps members on passing out would think of buying a Volkwagen Igala for a start. My father was a civil servant. My mother was a civil servant and when I was growing up I wanted to join the diplomatic service so the civil servant should be celebrated because they are the ones who are daily in touch with our people”.

Sorry, Mr governor things are no longer the same the Civil Service has over the years turn into cesspool of corrupt officials,who buy their ways through corrupt processes. The professionalism, the respect, and dignity that keeps the system together has broken apart. The wishes of our parents for a good, honest and decent and professional life in the Civil Service has given way unbridled corruption, nepotism, cronyism and graft.

 Hope may not be totally lost, but it requires a massive commitment on the part of all to reverse the rot.

 I am looking forward to the time when I can proudly tell my children to join the civil service as my parents did to me. 


I was born in a very small viliage sorrounded by hilly terrain, which according to my grandfather, the location was strategically  selected by our ancesstors to provide fortress and to  shield  the community from attacks by rival commuities. 

Life was so serene, peaceful and communal, everybody knows one another, a bonded community. The bond was so strong that everyone was a brothers keeper. The elderly were seen as fathers to all, custodians of wisdom, they were reverred and respected. They exude power and authority. can discipline, direct courses of events with an un questionable authority.  Things remained that way until when some groups of people from the cities started coming to the villiages with drum beats, dishing out gifts and making promises they can transform the communities.

Slightly over half a century since they started coming the lives of my people have not changed. In fact what they succeeded in doing is destroying our communality by introducing individualism, hate and deceit.

The first change I notice that took place so early since they arrived was the breakage in the bond that kept the community together. The community no longer respect the supremacy of the elders, families now dont talk to each other as a unit of association, brothers are no longer eating together, quarrels between peoples increased,  

Community disputes are no longer settled through dialogue. By the day everything that made us diffrent as a people was destroyed.

But since I was so young I dare not ask questions, life went on as usual until one day I surmoned the courage to ask my school teacher in one of our civic class. why are things no longer the same  with us?

He responded  by saying its “POLITICS” as I was too young to grasp what it means the subject was dropped.

Several years after my teacher told me it was “POLITICS” I grew up with disdain for “politics and politicians”  I am not a student of politics but my training as a Journalist and Administrator later in life exposed me to know that politics is a noble profession and to some extent we aslo have good politicians. However the way politicians, practice politics makes it dirty and un appealing to people of good conscience. 

As I grow older and started developing interest in politics, I perceived so early that to be a good politician, you must be very good in deceit, a back bitter, a liar, an ingrate, a betrayer, abusive, arrogant, a cheat and disloyal. 

Humbled by my background I also found so early that these habits are not noble. In order to find answers to my delima.  I spoke and asked politicians and some few  good  and fine gentlemen who I believed  had  the qualities and capacity to provide good leadership to this country. 

The responses I got from them were very disturbing and worrying. Many of replied that no descent person would like to enter the political arena with level of vindictiveness, tardiness, and the lack of the undetstanding of the rule of the game by the actors in the political space. 

They argued that the mess and the rot in the system are so huge and better not contemplated. And this gave rise why most descent people are shying away from politics.

They reasoned that most of the actors in the field are, uncultured, job seekers, corrupt, inept, morally bankrupt, kleptomaniacs, haters, brutes, insensitive and unware of the  nobility of the profession. Their only stock in trade is to cajole, abuse and amass wealth.This is how good people perceive politics and politicians.

In my effort to encourage them change their mind set I appeal to them after our discussions that if good people like them would have nothing to do with politics, how can we correct the system. if we continue to allow the chalatants, the bad and the ugly in our society to lead us and continue to determine our fates. Their final reaction often after our conversations were  just a smile.

These smiles that kept poking my thoughts. I begin to ask myself were they thinking I am mad or something?

But the reality playing out in our real world by the political class and even from those occupying public offices seems to confirm why our political space is dirty. 

Until recently, Governor Ahmed el Rufai, some one who I hitherto  loved and believed in as one of the few Northern political elites that can make a diffrence because of his past performance as the Minister of FCT. 

His venom on the Honourable Minister Women Affairs, when she declared to support the former Vice Presidnet Atiku Abubakar, should he decide to contest the Presidential election come 2019.  As a democrat El Rufai should know that not everyone in the same party share the same ideology and believe in one person or leader. 

Amina was not wrong to feel the way she did, at least she was bold and frank,  unlike her other colleques who in the mist of the night attend all noctral meetings to strategise their next political move. It is a well known fact that APC is an amalgamation of various shades of opinions nurtured from various camps that make up the party. we have the Buhari’s, the Asiwoju’s, the Turaki’s and the Kwankwaso’s these cleavages still exit and operate amourphrously till today and they are not likely to fizzle out very soon. 

Another disturbing statement he made was the one against late President Yar’adua while addressing the APC stakeholders meeting at Murtala Mohammed Square, Kaduna. Governor Rufai warned that he was ready to confront whoever tests his will as the leader of the party in the state. That he is a dogged fighter. He added by saying “I had fought with two presidents. Umaru Yar’Adua ended in his grave, while President Goodluck Jonathan ended in Otueke.

 It is ok for the Governor to be a dogged fighter however his comments on the dead was what baffled me, as a muslims he ought to have known that this kind of statements will have consquencies as Islam frawns at speaking of the dead. where has the social,  cultural, religious and campus of the governor gone?

With these type of statements coming from him, it keeps poking my thoughts, is this the person whom I hitherto would have hero worshipped, looked up to as one of the most enterpring and promising leader that may one day lead us out of the woods?

My like for him wanned further when I read the comments of his bosses, particularly those from the former Vice President Atiku when el-Rufai accussed him of having a hand in the $40 million Halliburton scandal. This is person whom Atiku was instrumental in bringing into government and making him Director General of the Bureau of Public Enterprises, BPE, and eventually a minister. 

In referrence to the same El Rufai President Obasanjo also said “A leader must know the character and ability of his subordinates. “”Character wise, Nasir has not much going for him” He continued by saying “My vivid recollection of him (el rufai) is his penchant for lying, for unfair embellishment of stories and his inability to sustain loyalty for long.  “he is a pathological purveyor of untruths and half-truths with little or no regard for integrity. “In all of this, he unwittingly does more harm than good to himself’.

The question to ask here is Ahmed el Rufai really  doing harm just to himself alone or to even to his generations that  are likely to take the leadership of this country in the future?

Let me no deviate soo much the import of my writting is not on Ahmed El Rufai, somebody who I still cherish and respect. He incidently became my model in the discourse because he has recently  been in news  for so many bad reasons and  I thought he ought to  have been circumspect. 

My respect for him must have wanned slightly but it is an undenial  fact that he is fine, gentle, competent and a good man,. Even those who have a pound of flesh to pick with him can not deny the fact that he has first class brain. 

This is what Atiku said about him “I read his book and it confirmed my impression of him as a man of first-class brain but arrogant, full of himself, immature and nauseating, trying to make up for his diminutive stature in what is called “the small man syndrome” 

Their boss Pres. Obasanjo also described him as  “a talented young man who can always deliver under close supervision”. 

What prompted me to write this article is the level of the breakdowm of our communal bondage moral upbringing and respect for the elders and constituted authorities. 

The north is known for its homeginity, our respect for culture, social up bringing and above all the supremacy our religion that binds us together. But with the introduction of Liberal Social democracy, the thread that keeps us together has broken down. We no longer respect our elders, our religions does not hold us together anymore, greed, individualism, nepotism and lack of respect for our elders and constituted authority keeps tearing us apart. 

Today we are people without leaders. we do not speak with one voice and in the face of the contradictions in our body polity, how can we hold together to face the seroous challenges. How can we as a people survive the on slaught and peacefully exist within the developing contradictions. 

We need to step back and take hard look at our current state of affairs and do the needful for our next generations.

Agitation for Sovereign National Conference

If you are following the events in both the Main Stream and the Social Media these high flying words may not be amazing to you again, namely, Restructuring, Succession, Sovereign National Conference, Resource Control, Quit Notice and many more. The bottom line is that all the groups feel something is fundementally wrong in the way we live as a Nation. And we must therefore find away to deal with it.
The highly educated or the wiser of groups feel we should convene a Sovereign National Conference to determine the way forward for the country.

Continue reading “Agitation for Sovereign National Conference”